Gothic art was born about 1440, in the Ile-de-France.
Initially, it is observed only in the construction of the most important cathedrals and Abbey churches of this area. But pretty soon the Gothic style spread throughout France and then throughout Europe. Not limited to sacred architecture, the master of Gothic actively distributed new style to the area of secular construction. Gothic is the first in the history of architectural style, which are still preserved works in all genres. Among these outstanding buildings occupy a special place are extremely diverse in stylistic terms, the cathedrals, the Abbey and the town’s Church. They are richly adorned with sculpture, stained glass and wall paintings and decoration occupy a prominent place in the works of jewelry art and sumptuously illustrated books. Along with the Gothic churches of modern audiences still continue to fascinate a variety of city buildings, castles and palaces, decorated no less elaborately than the masterpieces of religious architecture. Continue reading
The Pacific coast of Peru has long attracted the attention of archaeologists around the world. Here were found the hearth of ancient civilizations, from which we separated the Millennium. In these places already in the XI century BC appeared and flourished amazing culture Chavin, Paracas, Nazca, Mochica…
However, a true Paradise for archaeologists steel surrounding the Peruvian city of ICA after the discoveries made here by Dr. Javier Cabrera, Darcia. He found the black stones of various sizes (from one meter and more) that bear an amazing image. Looking at them, unwittingly come to the conclusion that there existed a unique highly advanced and very ancient civilization, which we, alas, know nothing.
The stones are laid in a strict order and, apparently, represent a huge research library. Natural disasters have led to the fact that part of the stone “books” turned out to be underground. To install at least the approximate age of the stone library, researchers have tried analyzing the image on the surface of black stones. One of them depicts a man on horseback. In appearance, the rider resembles a Neanderthal: a disproportionately large head, sloping forehead, powerful browridges developed jaw… Continue reading
Ideal scheme of the Indian temple is composed of large, rectangular courtyards grouped together, surrounded by walls with monumental gates (Toran), leading to the four cardinal points. In the center there was a Shrine – a temple with pyramidal roof, and next with others the complex walls are secondary structures.
The placement of buildings and structures responded to the Indian ideas about the world – earth, surrounded on all sides by the ocean, whose symbol was a system of pools that surrounded the temple. Enclosing walls symbolizing mountains, and the sanctuary represented the cosmic mountain in the world.
Its size and diversity of economic life, the temple resembled a city. Here lived the priests, merchants, servants, temple dancers, musicians. Crowds of pilgrims visited the temples. At the most visited churches worked to 20 thousand people of different professions. Continue reading