Architectural tradition of India
Ideal scheme of the Indian temple is composed of large, rectangular courtyards grouped together, surrounded by walls with monumental gates (Toran), leading to the four cardinal points. In the center…

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"Plastic technology" in ancient structures
Variant of mechanical (or manual) processing of the stone in the cases shown in the photo below is not applicable, as cannot be explained. I'm not dismissing it completely. It…

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Svirzh Castle

Svirzh of Zamakshari to see in the archival documents of 1530, when it belonged to the noble family of SvirZ. But the modern form it has acquired from the mid-seventeenth century, since the transition in the property of count A. Zetner (name given to a whole district — Cetnarski and Botanical garden in Lviv). Earl ordered to rebuild and significantly strengthen the castle.

There are suggestions that the idea of Cetera to strengthen the Svirzh castle was made famous fortifier, General of artillery Paul Rozycki. Work on reconstruction of the castle was carried out around the same time, when General Rozycki built in Lviv just two Arsenal — Royal and Senyavsky.

Despite its favorable defensive location (the castle is located on mount Belz and was surrounded by impassable marshes, ponds, at the foot of the walls — moats and a drawbridge), Continue reading

Chernigov. Troitsko-Ilyinsky monastery

Trinity-Elias monastery – one of the great monastic complexes of Ukraine (sorry for banal beginning). It could be called the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (LCP) in miniature (or Chernihiv-Pechersk Lavra), because it is largely similar to the largest monastery in Ukraine. First of all, here a cave in which he prayed Saint Anthony of Pechersk. The monk from Liubech is considered the founder of the Troitsko-illinsky monastery (Kiev-Pechersk). The monastery has a top and bottom (again, as in Kiev), located on the hills. To the development of the monastery has made great efforts ancient Russian princes and Cossack. A lot of money allocated for the monastery Hetman Ivan Mazepa. And the belfry is no less beautiful than the Great Lavra (although, of course will be lower). All very similar, although of smaller dimensions. The only thing that is not inferior to the LCP in size – this is the main Cathedral of the monastery – the masterpiece of architect Johann Baptist Sauer. Continue reading

The secrets of Gothic cathedrals

That represents the people, is evident by the fact that he buys and consumes what he has always found money and that they never have enough. The steel door to put in an apartment or bars on the Windows — always ready, a bench in the yard to make a flower garden or to break up — then forgive; to football or to go to a concert of the visiting stars — please, play by Chekhov — is more complicated.

What to complain? This idea, taken, by the way, the German philosopher Karl Jaspers, can be extended to the entire state: one has only look at the budget to see, and then, dear readers, you all will understand. What can a person or country forces, money and energy to spend then they are in essence. This rule is applicable for entire historical epochs.

For example, the middle Ages. What words only no call: dark and gloomy, and cruel, and ignorant… All true, but each city certainly the Gothic Cathedral was built, so that all residents and could accommodate, and the modern tourists at the sight of such a miracle is still breathtaking. And they were built not from the abundance of goods and not from someone’s generosity, after all, not eaten every day to the full, and to read and write hardly knew how, but without the Temple his life is not thought. Continue reading

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