The concept of the Gothic style introduced during the Renaissance as a contemptuous reference to medieval architecture. In the nineteenth century chronologically divided the Gothic in its early, Mature and late.
First of all, this style developed in the countries with the Catholic faith. Feudal-ecclesiastical the foundations of society was reflected in the ideology and culture of that era. Gothic was used for the display of cults, religious figures and events. This style is inextricably linked with the idea of “higher” mind, irrational forces — God.
For the Gothic style is characterized by allegory, the conventional image of reality. The dominant place occupied by the architectural complex of cathedrals, as an example of symbiosis at the same time architecture, painting and sculpture. Believers strong impression had huge columns, colorful stained-glass Windows, the sculptures on which the characters were much more than a man at the foot of the temple.
The development of Gothic architecture coexisted with the General changes in the society of France. Began to form States, inhabitants moved to the cities. Establish trade routes to the East. The development of the social Sciences led to the emergence of new philosophies, developing Handicrafts and urban development. Continue reading
Caesarea – the ruins today are called known city located in the territory of Israel. This city is famous for hundreds of years, numerous destructions and wars that moved to the city, are unable to destroy it completely and today there is still preserved the unique ancient buildings.
The first mention of this town are found in sources dated to the 3rd century BC During this period, the city managed to visit a Jewish settlement, which had been captured by the Romans, then became the capital of Palestine. In addition, there were numerous seizures of the city by Muslim Arabs, crusaders and Mamelukes.
Today, the site of the town to the national Park reserve, which is still actively ongoing archaeological excavations. Also kept a unique architecture, attracting tourists especially those who want to see buildings of different eras, collected in one place. Preserved here such as bath, theatre, port, “Palace on the reef”, site of statues and temples, the Hippodrome, aqueduct, synagogue, etc. Continue reading