Chernigov. Troitsko-Ilyinsky monastery
Trinity-Elias monastery – one of the great monastic complexes of Ukraine (sorry for banal beginning). It could be called the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra (LCP) in miniature (or Chernihiv-Pechersk Lavra), because it is largely similar to the largest monastery in Ukraine. First of all, here a cave in which he prayed Saint Anthony of Pechersk. The monk from Liubech is considered the founder of the Troitsko-illinsky monastery (Kiev-Pechersk). The monastery has a top and bottom (again, as in Kiev), located on the hills. To the development of the monastery has made great efforts ancient Russian princes and Cossack. A lot of money allocated for the monastery Hetman Ivan Mazepa. And the belfry is no less beautiful than the Great Lavra (although, of course will be lower). All very similar, although of smaller dimensions. The only thing that is not inferior to the LCP in size – this is the main Cathedral of the monastery – the masterpiece of architect Johann Baptist Sauer.
The caves and the Church of St. Elijah
The monastery is situated on the hills, called Boldin hills and are located on steep terrace Gums. In old English modig is oak, and on these hills there were many oak trees (hence the name, although there are other versions). Even in pre-Christian times Slavs were sent to the Boldin hills their ceremonies. Here were buried the rich people of Chernigov, therefore, in the 9-11 centuries on the Boldin hills appeared a burial ground, which is now considered one of the largest in Ukraine. The burial area of 1.2 hectares, there are 230 burial mounds.
The caves under the mountains located on the banks appeared before the monastery, so do not believe the annals, which says “Anthony came to Chernihiv and uslubi boldine iscopal mountain and the cave, and the dwell”. Not digging the monk the cave – lodged in an existing one. And stayed in Chernihiv he didn’t…
Venerable Anthony of the caves founded the Kiev-Pechersk monastery became its leader. For a long time it enjoyed the support of Grand Prince Izyaslav Yaroslavich. About 1069 Kyiv residents rebelled against the Prince and Antony was compelled to take up the invitation of the Chernigov Prince Svyatoslav Yaroslavich and to move on time to Chernigov. He settled in the cave and together with Prince Svyatoslav founded the cave monastery. But after some time, the uprising in Kiev are over, the throne returned and Anthony Izyaslav again went to the capital.
The cave monastery was consecrated in honor of the blessed virgin, but after it was built over the southern entrance to the cave of St. Elijah Church, the monastery began to be called Ilyinsky.
Date of construction of the Church of St Elias in written documents is not fixed, we only know that he built the temple in 12th century. This is one of the five temples of Chernigov built in the pre-Mongolian time (preserved).
Elias Church was built in the Russian Byzantine style. But today it got significantly rebuilt. Major changes in the architecture of the Church occurred in the 16th-18th centuries. In that period she has acquired a modern look and the forms of Ukrainian Baroque.