10 of the most interesting temples of India
India is a deeply religious country. The majority of the population followers of Hinduism about 80% of the population, still live here 13% Muslims and the rest practice Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Christianity and so on. The Constitution allows for any religion, it is through this tolerance, which I must say is already a thousand years old, we have a chance to see the ancient temples of India, and entirely new architectural masterpieces. Every year millions of tourists come to this mysterious country in search of spiritual enlightenment, wisdom, inexhaustible want to gain health or to ask the ancient gods of wish fulfillment. Whatever the purpose of your trip, don’t miss the opportunity to get acquainted with the religious diversity of India.
Cave temples of Ellora
The largest complex of cave temples of India located in the village of Ellora about 30 km West of Aurangabad, Maharashtra. In total, there are 34 allure of the temple and monastery: twelve are Buddhist, five are Jain and the rest Hindu. The main attraction of the complex is the rock temple of [kaylasanatkha], dedicated to Shiva. More than a hundred years, several thousands of workers has carved this masterpiece from a monolithic rock with the simplest tools. To explore the complex you will need a few hours, but, undoubtedly, the acquaintance with one of the objects of the world cultural heritage is worth it.
Kandariya-Mahadeva temple, the temple complex of Khajuraho
Hindu temples, located in Madhya Pradesh. Until our days the whole ensemble has preserved 22 buildings. The most interesting of them is the Kandariya-Mahadeva temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva. It was worth 100 years and erected in the XI century. After a couple of centuries the temple was abandoned more than 700 years hiding the jungle, this masterpiece of medieval Indian architecture. But when colonists discovered the temple, it is possible to draw attention to the finding in no hurry. The fact that the external and internal walls are decorated with sculptures depicting scenes of erotic character very diverse content. What once scared the Europeans, now attracts tourists. Khajuraho is now called “Temple of love”, and the complex is also part of the UNESCO world heritage.
The Temple Of Somnath
One of the 12 Holy temples of India. It is located on the coast of the Arabian sea in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. According to the legend was built by the moon God (hence the second name “the Temple of the moon”) in gratitude to Shiva for to lift the curse. Six times the temple was completely destroyed, but each time it was restored. The last time it was rebuilt in 1947. Craved every year many pilgrims from all over India, worship is going on here in the form of Jyotirlingam – the pillar of light, piercing the Ground, which can be seen only spiritually developed personality.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple (Varanasi)
The Kashi Vishwanath temple or “Golden temple” is located on the West Bank of the river Ganges in the Holy city of Varanasi. Here is one of the 12 jyotirlingams (this unpronounceable word means the Church, where they worship God Shiva). People from all over India try to visit Varanasi at least once in life for a Hindu temple and bathing in the Ganges is one of the ways to get out of the cycle of samsara. To get the same pendusta in inside almost impossible. From the third floor of the neighboring building can be seen the dome, the finish which left almost a ton of gold.
The temple of Jagannātha in Puri
From the title it is not difficult to understand that the Temple is located in Puri, in the Eastern part of Orissa. It is devoted to one of the forms of Krishna the deity of Jagannātha. For each Hindu is one of the four places of pilgrimage to be visited in the course of life. The entrance to the temple closed pendusta, even Indians of other religions can’t get in there. The Europeans also entrance is strictly forbidden because according to the prediction of the representatives of the white race tries to steal the wooden statue of the God Jagannath. The solution, however, is: the building of the temple can be seen from the roof of the adjacent library, and the wooden statues of the gods stored inside, can be seen at the annual Festival of chariots in Puri when the statues will be led through the city on huge chariots.
The Venkateswara Temple The Tirumala Temple
Erected in honor of one of the forms of Vishnu, the sanctuary is located on the hills of tirumala temple in Andhra Pradesh in southeastern India, and covers an area of over two hectares. The temple of tirumala temple Venkateswara, is most visited religious building in the world, it is called ”Hindu Vatican”. Daily it is visited by tens of thousands of pilgrims, and during the holidays, here come a few hundred thousand people. He is the richest Hindu temple. In sacrifice to Vishnu, the pilgrims often bring their hair, shave in a Barber shop in the area. Recruited for the year about 15 tons of hair that go on sale that makes a profit over a million dollars. And the following remarkable facts: one day in the donation box was discovered 162 diamond in the amount of 230,000 dollars, and the largest diamond, donated to the temple, weighed 2.5 kilograms and was worth more than $ 8 million.
The Meenakshi Temple
Amazing the temple complex is located on the square in the heart of the city Madurai of Tamil Nadu and covers an area of 6 hectares. The building was erected in honor of the wedding of Shiva and Meenakshi, one of the avatars of Parvati. This event is celebrated annually to this day. At Meenakshi temple the entire colorful world of Hinduism: the walls are covered with sculptures of deities, mythical animals, guards, priests, musicians, men and women. The scale and the diversity is staggering. It is interesting to visit for adults and children, daily the temple is visited by about 15 thousand people.
The Temple Of Kedarnath
Shiva temple is situated in the picturesque upper reaches of the Himalayas in the village of Kedarnath. This is one of the most significant shrines of the Hindus, the location of one of the 12 jyotirlingams. Here is given a full circumcision and thousands of pilgrims flock here from all over the world. Gaurikund of climbing you can do either on horseback or on foot. The entrance to the sanctuary is only open 6 months a year: from the last week of April or first week of may to the feast of Diwali, which is celebrated in November-December. The rest of the trail leading to the temple, covered with snow, and make the journey in 14 miles is not possible.
Harmandir Sahib (Amritsar, Golden temple)
Harmandir Sahib is the principal Sikh Shrine and the famous Golden temple in India. It is located in Amritsar, Punjab, in the center of the Holy lake of Amritsar, in which are immersed the pilgrims before entering the temple. The walls of the building are covered with gold plates and precious stones, and the interior is still richer than external. Sikhs preach equality and unity of all religions, so free entry is open to everyone, just need to wash your feet and wear a hat. Daily Harmandir Sahib is visited by more than 20000 people. The Church has a soup kitchen where anyone, whether tourist or pilgrim, can eat simple Indian food. Here you can stay overnight, there are special bedrooms.
One of the most prominent attractions of Delhi, one of the greatest architectural structures, one of the most beautiful temples of India! The building is a huge blossoming Lotus flower out of 27 marble petals surrounded by nine pools of water. A house of worship erected on the donations of the adherents of the Baha’i Faith preaches unity of all religions, and after 6 years of construction in 1986, the Church was opened to everyone. Entrance is absolutely free, inside the Lotus temple is prohibited loud talking, photography and videography, but welcome meditation. Peaceful atmosphere, the silence and soft light will help the traveler to renounce external stimuli, to drop all anxiety and listen to your inner world in order to find harmony with himself and consequently with all that is.