Famous Gothic buildings
The flourishing of medieval art in the form in which it knows and most of us, is associated with the Gothic. Ruled the minds of his contemporaries on two, and in some countries and three centuries, the Gothic style has left a mark, not comparable with the legacy of the Roman era.
As the Romanesque style. the Gothic style was closely connected with the Church, and it is the city’s main Cathedral – high, filled with allegorical and symbolic images and richly decorated is the benchmark of early Gothic architecture. The stockiness and massiveness of Romanesque buildings is replaced in the Gothic style of visual lightness and the upward aspiration (it is no coincidence that one of the periods in the development of this style is called “flamboyant Gothic”), the inaccessible heavens. This is also underlined by a pointed, ogival form of the arches, doors and Windows. Monochromatic colors of Romanesque era explodes in Gothic buildings the bright colors of the huge stained glass Windows, and a little primitive and sandwiched poses Romanesque sculptures give way to a realistic and addressing the viewer Gothic sculptures.
The late middle Ages was marked by a flourishing of urban culture. Mass construction of houses of wealthy nobles, Guild houses, town halls, municipalities, markets, and other private and public buildings requires the development not only of architecture and engineering, and crafts. A house of any medieval nobleman and prosperous merchant of napolnen this period, the fruits of painstaking manual labor of skilled craftsmen: walls hung with tapestries from the best weavers, the furniture covered with intricate designs by the hands of carvers, leather pages of the Bible are dazzling bright miniatures, and the table decoration are the fine products virtuoso glassmakers.
Blacksmithing is also not in place. Develop new industries and specialization (the Smiths are now divided into “igolnikov”, “s”, “hvozdnice”, “locksmith”, and dozens of other categories), as well as new techniques of artistic forging – first and foremost the widespread practice of combining in one item of forged and sheet parts. Forged products penetrate all areas of life from making armor, and weapons for numerous military campaigns to the traditional wrought-iron grilles and small household items, holders for torches, keys, chests, etc.
Signs of the Gothic style in art forging:
very geometric nature of the pattern, its main form is a portion of a circle;
constructive and composite base – vertical;
a limited set of motives, usually of plant subjects (oak leaves, grapes, Royal Lily, Shamrock, multileaf sockets, etc.);
the use of the complex rod profile;
mainly Lancet end of the rods.
Despite the fact that the Gothic is often called the dark age, its influence on the culture of subsequent periods was very great, and undoubtedly not exhausted so far. Late XVIII – early XIX centuries were marked by a romantic sentiment in art, and, as a consequence, a renewed interest in the mystical and mysterious Gothic. The interest in this style was so great that there was even the direction of neo-Gothic (Gothic revival). The neo-Gothic style, which takes in all the main canons and stylistic methods gave rise to its style, has given us many beautiful monuments, among which, for example, the famous tower of big Ben and tower bridge.
Today features of Gothic architecture is very popular in private construction, because they allow you to create a bright house status, but compliance with the logic of this style is impossible without the use of artistic forging. Forged railings with ornaments in the form of roses and tips-peaks, massive wrought-iron lanterns and black wrought-iron staircase to best accentuate the unique beauty of the Gothic style of your home.