Funerary structures of the ancient Koban culture
With particular satisfaction I must note that a similar local versions of the local culture, almost along the same lines, were established V. I. Markovin for the culture of the earlier period — the middle bronze age, and V. A. Kuznetsov for later, already Alanic culture of the early middle ages. This is very significant for the clarification of our theme.
Indeed, if you look closely to the specifics of a number of categories of the ancient material culture of Cobán, in the bowels it can be the most tangible trace the origins of the late medieval culture of a number of peoples of North Caucasus and, primarily, the Ossetian people. Moreover, we can trace the stability of a number of ancient leading signs, in preserved material and spiritual culture of the Ossetians until recently.
Here a series of examples and facts. It has long been established that the most typical funerary structures of the ancient Koban culture was a rectangular tomb made of stone slabs — two-three long and two short. Turned out the so-called “stone box”. Stone structure of larger dimensions, built of rows of stones, the stone represents the tomb or the tomb, which served for the collective burial. As drevnearmyansky the shape of “final resting place”, a stone box and a stone vault originated in the Caucasus, including the territory of the Central Caucasus, even in the preceding bronze age. According to V. I. Markovin, both very typical for the North Caucasian culture of the II Millennium BC They were rightly considered local, and a stone box especially characteristic of the Koban culture.
One of the earliest stone boxes on the territory of North Ossetia are stone burial boxes “sagli Barsand”, I surveyed and L. P. Semenov in 1935 near the villages. Coban. The burial ground was formed in the beginning of the II Millennium BC This type of burial constructions, it appears, existed, in particular in North Ossetia, 3-4 Millennium. So, completely in stone boxes, like drevnerusskie (composed of slate, limestone or Sandstone slabs), known burials made in the Scythian-Sarmatian period (VI—III centuries BC) and later.