Machu Picchu — the ancient city of the Inca Empire
Machu Picchu remains a Testament to the former power of the Inca Empire. More than 500 years ago the achievements of the Incas in construction allowed without mortar to lay stone blocks so closely to each other that in the gap it is impossible to insert a knife.
The walls of the city of Machu Picchu
Remains of Machu Picchu (also known as the “city among the clouds”) are located high on a ridge height of 2450 meters, surrounded on three sides by the turbulent Urubamba river. It is still unknown what purpose were all these palaces, squares, temples and houses. Perhaps it was a military fortress, a temple complex or a mountain refuge for the rulers. This location is ideal for any purpose.
Translated from the local language Machu Picchu means “Old mountain”. Right next to the towering Huayna Picchu (Young mountain), it usually gets in all the pictures of the ancient city.
The mountain above Machu Picchu
The “City in the sky” became known to the world only in 1911, when a Peruvian guide led Yale Professor Hiram Bingham of to the entrance in the lost property. While indigenous peoples knew of the existence of Machu Picchu, they didn’t tell the Spanish invaders. Thanks to them, the city remained inviolate.
In 2007, Machu Picchu won the vote and became the New wonder of the world, with over 100 million votes.
The ancient city of the Inca Empire in Peru
Every knowledge, every step and the plate – proof of unsurpassed skill of the builders of Machu Picchu. Walls, terraces and ramps perfectly adhere to the surface of the mountain, like puzzle pieces. The town has preserved about 700 terraces that were used for growing food. Each terrace held the irrigation system, the water which came from the collection tanks of moisture after rains or condensation.
It’s hard to imagine how much work you want to invest to get the clutch manually.
Terraces for food in Machu Picchu
Achievements and skills of the Incas even more amazed when you find out what tools they used. When created Machu Picchu (in 15-16th century) the Incas knew neither iron, nor steel, nor wheels. This entire huge complex was built by a small group of people, not more than a thousand, and used primitive stone tools.
Utensils for storing rainwater
After obtaining the status of a UNESCO world Heritage site in 1983, Machu Picchu has become a popular tourist destination. Since then, the city has become the most visited attraction in Peru and the most famous ruins in South America, attracting hundreds of thousands of people a year. But as usually happens, the increase in the number of tourists has led to harmful effects on the “lost city of the Incas”. As a result, the Peruvian government adopted measures for the protection of the ruins and limited the number of tourists to 2,500 per day.