The St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
The St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague — six centuries of work were not in vain, Leaving spires of Prague, in the sky, grandiose and mystically beautiful, mysterious and geometrically perfect, the Cathedral of St. Vitus like the legendary alchemist’s magnet attracts millions of tourists, Recalling the eternal quest of spirit and mind to the divine harmony. This silent witness and Soprichastnost the history of the Czech state, which was built almost six centuries, has impressive power and holds the secrets buried here are of Czech kings and archbishops. As an architectural symbol and a stronghold of spirituality Czech Republic, its national, historic and religious Shrine, he is rightly one of the three most beautiful cathedrals of Europe. The history of the construction of the Cathedral Full name Cathedral of Prague – St. Vitus Cathedral, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert. According to the legend, in 925, the Governor of Bohemia and hot preacher of Christianity St. Wenceslas founded this Church.
From Henry I, he received the gift of the fragments of the relics venerated in Europe St. Vitus, who died for the faith of the Martyr, the healing of the disease. The Holy Adalbert, the second Bishop of Bohemia, who lost their lives during the mission. These saints are regarded as protectors and spiritual guardians of the Czech Republic and Prague. First small Church was a circular rotunda with a diameter of about 13 m. In 1060, on the basis of the Prague diocese, a decision was made to extend the Church, and it turned into a three-nave Basilica. After the Transfiguration diocese in the Archdiocese, on the initiative of the king of Bohemia, Charles IV decided to build on the site of the former Basilica, the great Gothic Cathedral for divine services, the coronations and burials of the ruling persons and archbishops. And the fates decreed this Grand building started in 1344 was completed only in 1929.
Thus each passing of six centuries, have contributed to the present architectural appearance of the Cathedral. Prepared the project and started the construction of the French architect Mathias, an adherent of precise geometric proportions and mathematical calculations, suddenly died in the eighth year of construction, and the “torch” was passed to his younger, more creative Swabian colleague Petr Parler, who in the strict Gothic image of their artistic innovations. Then the Cathedral was completed by his sons, but began in 1419 in Bohemia the Hussite wars stopped for a long time. In 1490 during the rule of Vladislav Jagiellon, the erection of the Church was resumed, and after 20 years again waned due to the lack of funds for such a magnificent building. However, worship services in the Cathedral ceased, and even being unfinished it was never empty.