Gothic art was born about 1440, in the Ile-de-France.
Initially, it is observed only in the construction of the most important cathedrals and Abbey churches of this area. But pretty soon the Gothic style spread throughout France and then throughout Europe. Not limited to sacred architecture, the master of Gothic actively distributed new style to the area of secular construction. Gothic is the first in the history of architectural style, which are still preserved works in all genres. Among these outstanding buildings occupy a special place are extremely diverse in stylistic terms, the cathedrals, the Abbey and the town’s Church. They are richly adorned with sculpture, stained glass and wall paintings and decoration occupy a prominent place in the works of jewelry art and sumptuously illustrated books. Along with the Gothic churches of modern audiences still continue to fascinate a variety of city buildings, castles and palaces, decorated no less elaborately than the masterpieces of religious architecture. Continue reading
The Pacific coast of Peru has long attracted the attention of archaeologists around the world. Here were found the hearth of ancient civilizations, from which we separated the Millennium. In these places already in the XI century BC appeared and flourished amazing culture Chavin, Paracas, Nazca, Mochica…
However, a true Paradise for archaeologists steel surrounding the Peruvian city of ICA after the discoveries made here by Dr. Javier Cabrera, Darcia. He found the black stones of various sizes (from one meter and more) that bear an amazing image. Looking at them, unwittingly come to the conclusion that there existed a unique highly advanced and very ancient civilization, which we, alas, know nothing.
The stones are laid in a strict order and, apparently, represent a huge research library. Natural disasters have led to the fact that part of the stone “books” turned out to be underground. To install at least the approximate age of the stone library, researchers have tried analyzing the image on the surface of black stones. One of them depicts a man on horseback. In appearance, the rider resembles a Neanderthal: a disproportionately large head, sloping forehead, powerful browridges developed jaw… Continue reading
Ideal scheme of the Indian temple is composed of large, rectangular courtyards grouped together, surrounded by walls with monumental gates (Toran), leading to the four cardinal points. In the center there was a Shrine – a temple with pyramidal roof, and next with others the complex walls are secondary structures.
The placement of buildings and structures responded to the Indian ideas about the world – earth, surrounded on all sides by the ocean, whose symbol was a system of pools that surrounded the temple. Enclosing walls symbolizing mountains, and the sanctuary represented the cosmic mountain in the world.
Its size and diversity of economic life, the temple resembled a city. Here lived the priests, merchants, servants, temple dancers, musicians. Crowds of pilgrims visited the temples. At the most visited churches worked to 20 thousand people of different professions. Continue reading
Initially, Holy Trinity parish Church stood on the site of the little Park between houses 49 and 51 in Krasnoarmeyskaya street (independence square).
The Church of the Holy Trinity was placed in the area of New Building on the initiative of Metropolitan Filaret (Amfiteatrov) about the ordering of the parishes of old Kiev. It replaced the Trinity Church in the Upper town, intended for demolition according to the project of the new organization of the space between the Hagia Sophia and the St. Michael monastery. Project wooden on a brick Foundation of the temple was made in 1852 diocesan architect Paul Sparro, but in the capital’s Main Department of communications and public works has made adjustments in view of the facades. The construction of the Church started in 1856, the Church was consecrated on 12 October 1859 On the stories of Nikolay Leskov, her priest at that time was one of Kyiv “Antiques” He Euthymius, who, according to rumor, was buried in a makeshift crypt under the Church of his beloved wife. Continue reading
The borgund stave Church
One of the oldest surviving stave churches are in Norway. Metal parts in the construction of stavkirke Borgund was not used. And the number of parts that make up the Church, more than 2 thousand. Durable frame stands gathered on the ground and then raised into the vertical position with the help of long poles. Built the borgund stave Church presumably in 1150-80.
The Cathedral Of The Blessed Virgin Mary
The Cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Brasilia was built in the modernist style by the famous architect Oscar Niemeyer. In 1988, Oscar Niemeyer received the Pritzker prize for the design of the Cathedral. The building consists of 16 hyperboloid columns, symbolizing the hands raised to the sky. The space between the columns is closed by stained glass Windows. Continue reading