The winter Palace was built for Empress Elisabeth on the project of Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli in 1754-1762 years and until 1917 it remained the main Imperial residence. This fourth stone the Winter Palace.
In the first third of the eighteenth century Peter the great on the Palace embankment, in the place where today is the Hermitage theatre was built the Winter Palace. He did not survive, but in the end of XX century during the reconstruction of the Hermitage theatre was reconstructed some interiors of the Winter Palace of Peter I is a Museum.
During the reign of the Empress Anna Ioannovna there was a need of construction of a new Imperial winter residence. The site was chosen on the Palace embankment, so that the main facade of the Palace faces the Admiralty. The construction of the second of the Winter Palace by the project of F. B. Rastrelli was completed in 1735. Continue reading
Rococo, architecture rokokosaal (Rococo) style in art and architecture that originated in France during the Regency (1715-1723) and reached its climax during the reign of Louis XV, moved to other countries of Europe and dominated it until the 1780s.
The Rococo style of architecture was a continuation of the Baroque or, more precisely, its modification, corresponding to the Cutesy, frilly time.
He made the architecture of any new structural elements, but had used the old, not constraining themselves when consumed by any tradition and having in mind, principally, the achievement of decorative showiness. Distinguished by gracefulness, ease, intimate and flirtatious character.
Replacing heavy Baroque, Rococo was both a logical result of its development, and its artistic antipode. Baroque Rococo combines the aspiration to perfection of forms, however, if Baroque tends to the monumental solemnity, Rococo prefer grace and ease. Continue reading
Gothic art was born about 1440, in the Ile-de-France.
Initially, it is observed only in the construction of the most important cathedrals and Abbey churches of this area. But pretty soon the Gothic style spread throughout France and then throughout Europe. Not limited to sacred architecture, the master of Gothic actively distributed new style to the area of secular construction. Gothic is the first in the history of architectural style, which are still preserved works in all genres. Among these outstanding buildings occupy a special place are extremely diverse in stylistic terms, the cathedrals, the Abbey and the town’s Church. They are richly adorned with sculpture, stained glass and wall paintings and decoration occupy a prominent place in the works of jewelry art and sumptuously illustrated books. Along with the Gothic churches of modern audiences still continue to fascinate a variety of city buildings, castles and palaces, decorated no less elaborately than the masterpieces of religious architecture. Continue reading