Rococo, architecture rokokosaal (Rococo) style in art and architecture that originated in France during the Regency (1715-1723) and reached its climax during the reign of Louis XV, moved to other countries of Europe and dominated it until the 1780s.
The Rococo style of architecture was a continuation of the Baroque or, more precisely, its modification, corresponding to the Cutesy, frilly time.
He made the architecture of any new structural elements, but had used the old, not constraining themselves when consumed by any tradition and having in mind, principally, the achievement of decorative showiness. Distinguished by gracefulness, ease, intimate and flirtatious character.
Replacing heavy Baroque, Rococo was both a logical result of its development, and its artistic antipode. Baroque Rococo combines the aspiration to perfection of forms, however, if Baroque tends to the monumental solemnity, Rococo prefer grace and ease. Continue reading
Gothic art was born about 1440, in the Ile-de-France.
Initially, it is observed only in the construction of the most important cathedrals and Abbey churches of this area. But pretty soon the Gothic style spread throughout France and then throughout Europe. Not limited to sacred architecture, the master of Gothic actively distributed new style to the area of secular construction. Gothic is the first in the history of architectural style, which are still preserved works in all genres. Among these outstanding buildings occupy a special place are extremely diverse in stylistic terms, the cathedrals, the Abbey and the town’s Church. They are richly adorned with sculpture, stained glass and wall paintings and decoration occupy a prominent place in the works of jewelry art and sumptuously illustrated books. Along with the Gothic churches of modern audiences still continue to fascinate a variety of city buildings, castles and palaces, decorated no less elaborately than the masterpieces of religious architecture. Continue reading
Ideal scheme of the Indian temple is composed of large, rectangular courtyards grouped together, surrounded by walls with monumental gates (Toran), leading to the four cardinal points. In the center there was a Shrine – a temple with pyramidal roof, and next with others the complex walls are secondary structures.
The placement of buildings and structures responded to the Indian ideas about the world – earth, surrounded on all sides by the ocean, whose symbol was a system of pools that surrounded the temple. Enclosing walls symbolizing mountains, and the sanctuary represented the cosmic mountain in the world.
Its size and diversity of economic life, the temple resembled a city. Here lived the priests, merchants, servants, temple dancers, musicians. Crowds of pilgrims visited the temples. At the most visited churches worked to 20 thousand people of different professions. Continue reading